Myoclonus refers to involuntary movements where rapid, jerky movements of the body occur. The movements may occur singly or in a repetitive, usually irregular fashion. The unpredictable nature of the movements can significantly affect quality of life and can contribute to problems with hand use (dropping things) or walking due to unpredictable drops. Myoclonus can be due to a variety of different causes including problems with the kidney or liver, a medication side effect, or part of a degenerative condition. Rarely, it can also be a genetic condition.
Myoclonus can be treated with multiple different medications that are usually in the anticonvulsant class. These may include benzodiazepines such as Valium and Klonopin, or other anticonvulsant medications such as Depakote, Keppra, Topamax, or Primidone.